The Top Causes of Infertility in Women


Getting pregnant and carrying it to term is a complicated process. Some things can go wrong and may lead to infertility. Infertility is defined as trying to get pregnant for a year but with no success. There are many available treatments for infertility, which will depend on the cause. Many infertile couples were able to conceive a child without treatment after trying for two years.

However, a woman who is having difficulty getting pregnant should talk with her healthcare provider about available treatments. Fertility drugs and hormones may help women recover levels of hormones or ovulate.

At the same time, visiting an IV therapy treatment clinic for IV hormone infusion could address other issues that may be affecting the female reproductive system.

Here are some common causes of infertility in females to help couples understand more about infertility.

Ovulation Disorders

Ovulation disorders mean you have infrequent ovulation, or you do not ovulate at all. It means there is a problem with your ovary, hypothalamus, or the pituitary gland, the organ responsible for the regulation of reproductive hormones.

  • Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). PCOS affects ovulation due to hormone imbalance. It is usually associated with insulin resistance, unusual hair growth on the face or body, obesity, and acne.
  • Hypothalamic dysfunction. There is a problem with the two hormones that stimulate ovulation each month: excessive physical and emotional stress, recent substantial weight gain or loss, overweight, or low body weight.
  • Premature ovarian failure. It is called ovarian insufficiency due to autoimmune response or premature loss of eggs from the ovary.
  • Too much prolactin. The pituitary gland causes too much production of prolactin. It can be a result of medications taken for another disease.

Problems in the Menstrual Cycle

The menstrual cycle is a process that prepares the female body for pregnancy, so a problem with the different phases or one of the stages of the process can cause infertility.

woman thinking

Structural Problems of the Reproductive System

Structural problems are usually the result of abnormal tissue present in the fallopian tubes or uterus. Once the tissue blocks the fallopian tubes, eggs cannot move from the ovaries to the uterus, or the sperm will not be able to reach the egg for fertilization.

Some of these structural problems are:

  • Endometriosis. It is when a tissue that normally lines the inside of the uterus is found in other places. Sometimes, it blocks the fallopian tubes.
  • Uterine fibroids. Fibroids grow within and around the wall of the uterus. Although it does not affect other women, some cannot get pregnant or may have multiple miscarriages or preterm labor.
  • Polyps. It is a noncancerous growth inside the uterus, but it may interfere with its function and be difficult for a woman to get pregnant after conception. Surgery to remove the polyps gives a chance for a woman to get pregnant.
  • Scarring in the uterus. Scarring in the uterus due to previous injuries, surgery, or infections. It can increase the risk of miscarriage and may interfere with implantation, leading to infertility.
  • The unusual shape of the uterus. It can affect the implantation or the ability of a woman to carry a pregnancy to term.

Sometimes the exact cause of female infertility is difficult to identify. A combination of several minor problems with both partners can cause unexplained fertility problems. For some couples, unexplained fertility problems can correct itself with time. But it is important to deal with the problem as soon as possible, you should not delay infertility treatment.


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