For most people, dental hygiene starts at a very early age – and with good reason. Teeth have different functions for the human body, all of which are significant to variable degrees. For instance, the ability to chew enables people to eat and digest their food properly, ensuring that they receive all the vitamins and nutrients necessary for their survival.
Moreover, teeth define a person’s appearance. However, teeth are not everlasting and can easily be affected by disease and decay. Fortunately, most of these problems are often preventable as long as someone adhered to good oral hygiene habits and visits the dentist in Southampton – such as Smilemakers – frequently.
When gums become infected by the toxins and bacteria found in foods, then gum disease occurs. There are 2 types of gum disease – gingivitis and periodontitis. Of the two, gingivitis is less dangerous and can be easily reversed. Visiting the dentist in Southampton can help determine if someone has periodontitis. Common symptoms include red, swollen, sensitive and bleeding gums, though it is not always necessary for these symptoms to occur. Periodontitis, on the other hand, is a more serious infection and occurs when gingivitis is left untreated. Periodontitis can spread beyond the gum line and affect the tissues and ligaments that hold the teeth together, even causing tooth loss.
Early-stage gum disease can be prevented with proper brushing and flossing after meals. Moreover, frequent professional check-ups and cleanings will also ensure that there is no hidden debris or plaque. Patients with diabetes or heart disease are more likely to have gum disease. However, proper maintenance of these conditions with the help of their doctor and dentist in Southampton will help reduce any unnecessary complications.
Tooth enamel is really hard, but it can be eroded by bacteria and specific foods and drinks. When this happen, then the enamel starts wearing away. Erosion can also be caused by digestion problems, especially vomiting. Eroded teeth are in need of immediate treatment and are very vulnerable. Therefore, taking good care of them, minimising the amount of acid consumed and help creating more saliva can all help towards protecting them from further damage.